Step 1: Understand the problem. "We must know what we are doing, understand the problem, live with it, lay a proper foundation--how many a Latter-day Saint has told me that he can understand the scriptures by pure revelation and does not need to toil at Greek or Hebrew as the Prophet and the Brethren did in the School of the Prophets at Kirtland and Nauvoo?"Hugh Nibley, Nibley on the Timely and the Timeless: Classic Essays of Hugh Nibley (Provo, Utah: Religious Studies Center, Brigham Young University, 1978), 269-270.
I have been involved with Book of Mormon issues since I took a class from John Sorenson as a freshman at BYU and later, after I graduated from law school, participated in a peer-review of his book, An Ancient American Setting for the Book of Mormon. I've read most of his work, along with that of FARMS and the other organizations. I've visited many of the proposed sites in Central America, etc. Overall, I have to say that my impression of Sorenson, Clark, Gardner, et al. is that they engage in confirmation bias; they research enough to confirm their biases and then stop. I'll explain when I do my peer reviews of their work.
Step 2: Test Conclusions. "Not infrequently, Latter-day Saints tell me that they have translated a text or interpreted an artifact, or been led to an archaeological discovery as a direct answer to prayer, and that for me to question or test the results is to question the reality of revelation; and often I am asked to approve a theory or "discovery" which I find unconvincing, because it has been the means of bringing people to the Church. Such practitioners are asking me to take their zeal as an adequate substitute for knowledge, but...refuse to have their knowledge tested. Nibley, Timely and Timeless, 269-270